Guest post by Pam at flipptravel.
The Modern Republic of Turkey is located at the region which is one of the oldest inhabited areas in the world and is known for its ancient history and historical and cultural heritage. Being Hellenized under the ancient Greek Kingdom of Alexander the great and the Byzantine Empire which was succeeded by the magnificent Ottoman Empire, Turkey became a major world power. It was under the reign of the Ottoman Empire did the history and the distinctive culture of Turkey saw its rise in the 16th and the 17th centuries. The tourist attractions largely consist of ancient and historical monuments and architecture and the coastal regions and ranks as the 6th best tourist destinations in the world. Here’s a list of the 5 must-visit places in Turkey
1. Cappadocia Underground Cities
The name refers to a modern day museum which was built as a church by the Greeks in 537 AD and was renovated and functioned as an Imperial mosque during the Ottoman Empire. It is considered to be the greatest surviving structure of the Byzantine Architecture. The domes, minarets and the craftsman ship involved in the structure are simply marvelous and too vast to be covered in a small article like this. The structure is a museum today and contains several artifacts and pieces of art that are considered to be world heritage items. The various decorations and mosaics are usually artful depictions of the Christian deities like Virgin Mary and Jesus and the various emperors during the Byzantine Empire.
The city was built during the 10th century BC and saw its rise to prominence under the Roman Empire in 129 BC. One of the 7 wonders of the Ancient World, ‘The Temple of Artemis’, was also located in this city and was destroyed by a mob in 401 AD. The city was also a part of the 7 churches of Asia mentioned in the Biblical Book of Revelation. The Grave of the Gladiators is a popular tourist attraction in the city along with various sites of old churches, temples and mosques that date back to the Greek, Roman and Ottoman era. The city is a definitive visit as it provides a journey into the history of the oldest civilizations in the world.
4. Bodrum Castle
Also known as the Castle of St. Peter, it was built in 1402 and is located in the city of Bodrum. The castle was constructed by the Knights Hospitaller as a stronghold against the Invasion of the Seljuk Turks. The castle is a remarkable example of the Teutonic and Gothic style architecture and is built with volcanic stones and marble columns and the workers commissioned under a papal decree that confirmed their reservation in Heaven. The structure underwent several renovations and improvements through the 16th and the 19th centuries. Today the structure is a museum that displays the underwater discoveries from the ancient shipwrecks in the Aegean Sea that date back to the ancient period.
5. Hierapolis and Pamukkale
The Place is nicknamed as the cotton castle owing to its unreal but natural landscape that comprises of mineral forests, terraces basins and petrified waterfalls. The town was since the ancient era known as a spa town famous for its natural hot water springs that attracts a huge number of visitors from all around the world. The place is also famous for its Christian monuments that were built during the 4th and the 6th centuries. The area is devoid of any modern buildings and the tourists are generally required to walk around the areas barefoot and can take bath at the various bathing and swimming locations. The traditional Turkish dishes available in the nearby eateries are also worth trying.
The ancient country of Turkey is a vast archeological treasure chest as it is one of the oldest inhabited regions in the world. It is one of the affordable cities in Europe. The reign of the most illustrious of the Ancient Empires of the World has blessed the country with a historical and cultural wealth like no other country in the world and the 5 mentioned places are a must-visit.
Pam is a travel enthusiast and is always keen to explore the various cultures of the world. She always works a way around finding a cheap travel solution for her journey. She is the owner of FlippTravel.com that provides information about various tourist places and attractions across the world.